German colleagues asked about my viewpoint on agroecology. Here is what I wrote.
Agroecology is widely advocated as an alternative paradigm to industrial agriculture. In international agricultural research aimed at increasing food security and well-being, however, agroecology is contested. On the one hand, a growing number of farmers, consumer groups and multilateral agencies are committed to agroecology. As they argue, for agriculture to become more sustainable, farmers require greater independence from external inputs and advance circular agriculture. On the other hand, there are quite some researchers, governments and private sector actors that argue for the intensification of agriculture, often by supporting a version of a Green Revolution. Both sides seek means to feed a growing population. Yet, their conclusions about the right technologies, business models or trade policies to achieve this goal differ. In this invited position paper, for the Journal of Sustainable Organic Agricultural Systems, I explore the value of agroecology to support the transformation of agriculture and food systems to deliver food, health and well-being within planetary boundaries. Read the full article here.
Cereal production at the slopes of Mount Kenya, near Nanyuki, September 2020 (Photo Credit: Michael Hauser)